The process of elimination is one of the best strategies for answering multiple-choice questions. Here are the steps to use this strategy effectively:
- Read the question carefully. Try to come up with an answer on your own before looking at the choices.
- Read ALL of the answer choices. Don’t make a hasty choice! With a 4-choice questions, you have a 25% chance of being correct. If you eliminate one choice, you have a 33% chance. Eliminating three choices gives you a 75% chance of being correct.
That is assuming you can eliminate choices correctly!
Eliminate choices by looking for answers that are opposite to the question stem, contain obvious errors, or are irrelevant to the question.
- Once you have eliminated the obviously incorrect answers, try to eliminate any remaining answers that are less likely to be correct. You can do this by looking for answers that are too broad or too narrow, or that don’t fit with the context of the question.
- If you’re left with two or three answer choices, try to use your knowledge or intuition to make an educated guess.
Here’s an example of how to use this strategy:
Question: Which of the following is not a primary color?
A. Red B. Blue C. Green D. Yellow
Using the process of elimination, we can quickly eliminate answer choices A, B, and C, since they are all primary colors. That leaves us with answer choice D, which is the correct answer.
Here’s another example:
Question: What is the largest organ in the human body?
A. Heart B. Liver C. Skin D. Kidney
Using the process of elimination, we can eliminate answer choices A, B, and D, since they are all important organs in the human body but not the largest. That leaves us with answer choice C, which is the correct answer. Therefore, the answer is C – Skin.